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We are developing, along with the Kimble Lab, a new nanophotonic technology for quantum optics experiments with gas phase atoms. The ability to tailor the electromagnetic (optical) environment seen by ultra-cold atoms in the near-field of thin-film photonic crystals allows one to load, cool, and trap atoms directly into the vacuum regions of these nanostructures. Such a system is expected to realize a rich set of quantum many-body properties, in which trapped atoms interact with each other through the emission and absorption of individual photons guided within the host nanophotonic circuitry.